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Strategy Toolkit

Strategy RC5.1: Coordinate with non-profits, land trusts, the NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources, and the NC Wildlife Resources Commission to identify priorities for wetlands and stream restoration, as well as wildlife underpasses or overpasses.

Strategy Description

Wildlife overpasses and underpasses are among the most effective structures for allowing wildlife of many types to move relatively unimpeded across the road or railway. An important consideration in the selection of a wildlife crossing is the topographic relief of an area and the landscape features near the road. Wildlife typically prefer to approach a road crossing while following a natural feature, such as a ridgeline, low-lying riparian area, or a corridor of vegetation, where they feel safe. Paying special attention to where these features occur near a potential mitigation site will not only assist in selecting what mitigation type is best suited for the area, but also help to ensure the successful movement of animals through the landscape to the crossing.

Additional Information / Case Studies

The first underpass wildlife crossings in North Carolina were built on a section of Interstate 26 in Madison County | Image Credit: LandDesign


RC5: Recognize the importance of connectivity between protected lands by managing wildlife and recreation corridors for biodiversity and protecting unfragmented forest blocks.